Peter Urs Bender   Previous Page  |  Next Page

text. This restrains the speakerís body language. The brain
concentrates on the text rather than allowing the body to
express itself naturally.
     However, if you insist on reading a speech anyway, print
your text in large, triple-spaced type. You can also enlarge the
text using the enlargement feature on your photocopier. Use
only the top two thirds of the page so that when you rest it on
the lectern your eyes will not have to look down quite so far.
     Indent all lines after the first line of each paragraph - this
is the opposite of books. The opening sentences will stand out.
Avoid splitting sentences or paragraphs over two pages. Put
several periods at the end of each sentence to indicate pauses
- otherwise your eyes will confuse the periods with commas.
     At the bottom of every page, note the first five words from
the text on the upcoming page.
     When referring to numbers, do not spell them out unless
you are talking about round numbers like "hundred", "thou-
sand", "million", etc. For figures, use numerals e.g. 1,243,864.
Spell out "dollars", "percent", "degrees Celsius", and other
common symbols.
     As you read through each page, do not turn it over. This
distracts and draws even more attention to the fact that you are
reading the speech. Instead, gently slide the sheet to one side
as you proceed to the next. Be sure that your pages are
numbered in the top right margin.
     Make note of all breath and emphasis marks right in the
text of the speech.
     Also, if a phrase is to be accompanied by a particular
gesture or expression, make a note in the text.
     If you must remind yourself to smile - or frown - draw a
small face on the page. Or, use colours like red to emphasize
certain words.
     Put instructions in brackets, reminding yourself when to
use visual aids and when to distribute handouts. I also suggest
that you note appropriate times to make eye contact with your

Secrets of Power Presentations   Previous Page  |  Next Page